Correlation does not imply causation

…correlation does not show causation. A serious example of this common misunderstanding occurred in Italy. In the early 1980s, there were unexplained deaths where high mortality correlated with consumption of olive oil. The government leapt to the conclusion that the oil was poisonous. Later research showed it was tomatoes contaminated by pesticides that casued the deaths…

Nigel C. Benson, Introducing Psychology, Icon Books, 1999, p.16

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