The earth brings forth her fruits; but it is God that giveth bread

The sun rises day by day; but it is God that enlightens the earth by his rays. The earth brings forth her fruits; but it is God that giveth bread, and it is God that giveth strength by the nourishment of that bread. In a word, as all inferior and secondary causes, viewed in themselves, veil like so many curtains the glorious God from our sight (which they too frequently do), the eye of faith must be cast up far higher, that it may behold the hand of God working by all these His instruments. (Calvin, DEFENCE OF THE SECRET PROVIDENCE OF GOD, 1558)

God from all eternity did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established” (Westminister Confession of Faith, 3.1).

God’s Providence procures its effects through the operation of secondary causes. Aquinas, Summa Theologica, vol.5, Ia 22.3

in Paul Helm, The Providence of God, IVP, 1993, p.87

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One Response to “The earth brings forth her fruits; but it is God that giveth bread”

  1. Z Says:

    “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord.” (Proverbs 16:33)

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