At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilized races of man will almost certainly exterminate and replace throughout the world the savage races

At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilized races of man will almost certainly exterminate and replace throughout the world the savage races. At the same time the anthropomorphous apes, as Professor Schaaffhausen has remarked, will no doubt be exterminated. The break will then be rendered wider, for it will intervene between man in a more civilized state, as we may hope, than the Caucasian, and some ape as low as a baboon, instead of as at present between the negro or Australian and the gorilla.

Charles Darwin, Descent of Man

Mr Darwin believed human ‘races’ had an evolutionary pecking order with the negros and aboriginals (the ‘savage races’) currently (i.e. in his day) at the bottom. Don’t worry, Darwin was wrong. By the way, I lost count of the number of times (scores) Darwin referred to the ‘savage’ or ‘civilised’ human races in Origin of Species.

An article in Wikipedia, attempts to save Darwin by pointing out, correctly, that Darwin does not express a desire that the ‘savage races’ disappear. The passage is descriptive of what might happen rather than prescriptive of what should happen. But the article neatly sidefoots my point here that he assumed a hierarchy of races. It does indeed require a malicious character such as a Hitler to take that hierarchical description and ‘clean’ the genetic stock. But the theory lends credence to evil men such as Hitler even though the conscience of many men protests as such barbarity.

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