If anyone says that baptism is optional, that is, not necessary for salvation, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA

If anyone says that baptism is optional, that is, not necessary for salvation, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA.

Council of Trent,  Canons on Baptism, Canon 5

Which  means that justification is not solely by faith as the Scripture teaches. If it is argued that baptism is commanded by the Lord Jesus then we agree, but so is perfect love of God and neighbour. Yet if all must do the latter to be saved, then all are certainly lost.

This is explicit in the same council:

If anyone says that after the reception of grace of justification the guilt is so remitted and the debt of eternal punishment so blotted out…and that no debt of temporal punishment remains to be discharged either in this world or in purgatory before the gates of heaven can be opened, let him be anathema.

Sixth Session, Canon 30


3 Responses to “If anyone says that baptism is optional, that is, not necessary for salvation, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA”

  1. Jui Says:

    Canon 20.
    If anyone says that a man who is justified and however perfect is not bound to observe the commandments of God and the Church, but only to believe,[122] as if the Gospel were a bare and absolute promise of eternal life without the condition of observing the commandments, let him be anathema.

    • soulangler Says:

      To canon 20 it must be said that it makes a false distinction. All men are obliged (‘bound’) to keep God’s commandments, but none do so perfectly except Jesus Christ. The Gospel is the declaration that Christ has earned perfect righteousness for all, for by the gospel God ‘justifies the ungodly’ (Rom.4.5) not the law-keepers.

      However, though ‘justified freely by His grace’ (Rom.3.24; 5.1 etc.) the gospel does not set us free to ‘sin so that grace may abound’. May it never be! (Rom.6.1) We are freed to be slaves of Christ and His righteousness. Man is saved by grace through faith. Yet we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for works that He prepared beforehand that we should walk in them. Eph.2.8-10.

      Yes, Jesus must be Lord as well as Saviour. But He justifies the ungodly apart from meritorious works. Any addition of our own to the merit of Christ is works righteousness. Works righteousness is utterly rejected by the thrice Holy God who declared such works as ‘filthy rags’ Isa.64.6

  2. Jui Says:

    Canon 1.
    If anyone says that man can be justified before God by his own works, whether done by his own natural powers or through the teaching of the law,[110] without divine grace through Jesus Christ, let him be anathema.

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