The Catholic Church sees justification as a true eradication of sin and a true sanctification and renewal

The Reformers saw justification as a mere legal act by which God declares the sinner to be meriting heaven. … The Catholic Church, not surprisingly, understands justification differently.  It sees it as a true eradication of sin and a true sanctification and renewal.  The soul becomes objectively pleasing to God and so merits heaven.  It merits heaven because now it is actually good …. The Bible is quite clear that we are saved by faith.  The Reformers were quite, right in saying this, and to this extent they merely repeated the constant teaching of the Church.  Where they erred was in saying that we are saved by faith alone.

Karl Keating, Catholicism and Fundamentalism, 1998, pp.167-168

…which contradicts the teaching of scripture that God justifies the ungodly, not the godly, by faith in Christ, and that justification is reckoned to our account, or is a legal declaration rather than an inward work changing the soul.

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