Aquinas on God’s purpose in election

God chooses to reveal His moral excellence in human beings. He reveals it through His mercy in those whom He predestines to glory, by pardoning them; in others whom He reprobates, He reveals His moral excellence through His justice, by punishing them. This is the general reason why God elects one part of mankind and rejects the other…Yet why in particular He chooses these people for His glory but reprobates those – there is no reason for this except His own will. As Augustine says, ‘Why He draws one but not another, do not seek to know, unless you wish to go astray.’

Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, Part 1, question 23, article 5.


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