Archive for the ‘imputation’ Category

What is Justification?

December 23, 2011

…we simply interpret justification, as the acceptance with which God receives us into his favor as if we were righteous; and we say that this justification consists in the forgiveness of sins and the imputation of the righteousness of Christ

Calvin, Institutes, Book 3, 11, 2

The Catholic Church sees justification as a true eradication of sin and a true sanctification and renewal

May 11, 2010

The Reformers saw justification as a mere legal act by which God declares the sinner to be meriting heaven. … The Catholic Church, not surprisingly, understands justification differently.  It sees it as a true eradication of sin and a true sanctification and renewal.  The soul becomes objectively pleasing to God and so merits heaven.  It merits heaven because now it is actually good …. The Bible is quite clear that we are saved by faith.  The Reformers were quite, right in saying this, and to this extent they merely repeated the constant teaching of the Church.  Where they erred was in saying that we are saved by faith alone.

Karl Keating, Catholicism and Fundamentalism, 1998, pp.167-168

…which contradicts the teaching of scripture that God justifies the ungodly, not the godly, by faith in Christ, and that justification is reckoned to our account, or is a legal declaration rather than an inward work changing the soul.

Thy righteousness is in heaven

November 24, 2009

(Bunyan was under terrible conviction of sin. He was aware of is own shortcomings yet knew what the Law of God demanded of him)

“‘But one day, as I was passing in the field, and that too with some dashes on my conscience, fearing lest yet all was not right, suddenly, this sentence fell upon my soul, ‘Thy righteousness is in heaven,’ and methought withal I saw, with the eyes of my soul, Jesus Christ at God’s right hand: there, I say, as my righteousness; so that wherever I was, or whatever I was doing, God could not say of me, He wants my righteousness, for that was just before Him. I also saw, moreover, that it was not my good frame of heart that made my righteousness better, nor yet my bad frame that made my righteousness worse; for my righteousness was Jesus Christ Himself, the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever.

“‘Now did my chains fall off my legs indeed: I was loosed from my affliction and irons, my temptations also fled away; so that from that time those dreadful Scriptures of God left off to trouble me; now went I also home rejoicing for the grace and love of God.

Faith Cook, Fearless Pilgrim: The Life and Times of John Bunyan, Evangelical Press, 2008, p.116-17

When he speaks of his ‘frame’ he is speaking of his ‘frame of mind’, as we might say today.